02-02 Road to Revolution

Treaty of Paris (1763)

-Britain gave land west of the Appalachian Mountains to Natives to prevent future wars.

-Did not want to pay for troops to protect the colonies.

-Wanted Colonists to pay for the costs of fighting the Natives.

Results of the French and Indian War

-Proclamation of 1763 limited the Colonists to the area east of the Appalachian Mountains.

-Britain was in debt and wanted the Colonists to pay the cost of the war.

Sugar Act (1764)

-The British passed the sugar act to make up money lost in the war.

-Tax on sugar and molasses.

-Rum manufacturing declines and the Colonists make less money.

Stamp Act (1765)

-Tax on all printed materials to pay for British Troops in North America.

-Stamp Act Congress met to protest the tax.

-The Stamp Act Congress led directly to the Declaration of Independence.

Townshend Acts (1765)

-Tax on many imports including tea.

-Colonial protests led to it’s repeal; except for the tea tax.

-Tea tax raised prices on non-British tea.

Boston Tea Party (1773)

-In response to Tea Act, Colonists dumped around 90,000 pounds of British tea into Boston Harbor.

-The tea was worth more than 1 million dollars in today’s money.

Intolerable Acts (1774)

-Following the British Tea Party, Boston Harbor is closed until the British are paid back for the tea.

-The Quartering Act was the most hated.

Boston Massacre (1770)

-What starts as a snowball fight turns into a violent colonial protest.

-British Soldiers fire on protesters and killed 5.

Representation, The Big Issue!

-Colonists objected to being taxed without representation in Parliament (British government).

-They were not consulted about taxes.

-Colonists wanted to have their voiced heard by the king.

02-01 The French and Indian War

Conflict in North America

-In the mid- 1700s, Great Britain and France had competing claims for land in North America.

-The French held fur trapping and trade routes in the Ohio River Valley.

-The British Colonies were intruding on French territory as the population grew larger.

-The war will be fought over land!

Events Leading To The French and Indian War

-France set up forts to protect their fur trading interests. Some of these forts intruded on British claims.

-Virginia governor sent a young George Washington to deliver a protest to the french. He and the protest are ignored.

-Washington is ordered to march to the mouth of the Ohio River and build a fort to control the rivers.

-Washington is driven off and the French build Fort Duquesne. The war has officially begun.

The People Involved

The Natives align with the French because the French were a good supplier of guns.

The Colonists align themselves with the British because they would benefit from it, and could possibly gain more land to help with population influctuations.

French and Indian War (1754-1763)

-Early British operations failed and the French still had control of the Ohio River valley and Fort Duquese.

-By 1760 however, Great Britain had successfully taken several key forts in Canada.

Aftermath of The French and Indian War

-The French end up as the losers and surrender their land claims (including Canada).

-Treaty of Paris (1763) is signed to make the land transfer official.

-Britain also make an agreement with the Natives; the Proclamation Line of 1763. (It states that Colonists will not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.)

-Because of this, Great Britain has huge war debts and the Colonists feel united, but also slightly cheated since they didn’t gain any land for helping the British in the war.